News > Forthcoming IPCC Report on Climate Change
Image: Global warming prediction based on the IPCC Report of 2007
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization and The United Nations Environment Programme. The IPCC is a scientific body under the auspices of the United Nations (UN). It reviews and assesses the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic information produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of climate change. It does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters. The IPCC is comprised of representatives from 194 governments who meet annually to discuss the organisation's findings and elect the IPCC Bureau, which consists of 31 people including the chair. The bureau's role is to guide the IPCC experts and scientists in their collation of evidence and production of assessment reports. The IPCC process involves thousands of scientists who for the most part are volunteers. The fields of Earth system science, meteorology, ecology, economics, engineering, the social sciences and many more are represented. The IPCC’s main goal is to prepare comprehensive assessment reports about climate change at regular intervals, produced every five to seven years.
The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) is now underway and is expected to be finalised in 2014. AR5 will be the most comprehensive assessment of scientific knowledge on climate change since 2007, when the fourth assessment (AR4) was released. The Panel of AR4 was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. AR5 is said to put greater emphasis on assessing the socio-economic aspects of climate change and its implications for sustainable development. Some new features will include dedicated chapters on sea level change, carbon cycle and phenomena like El Niño and monsoon. AR5 will also have much more details on a regional climate change impacts and risk management strategies, as well as scenarios of potential future anthropogenic climate change.
AR5 will consist of four reports to be completed in 2013 and 2014 as follows:
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