You do not need a high-end camera to take great weather photographs! For many subjects your smartphone or a compact camera will be sufficient. But, for more difficult lighting conditions or particular situations a DSLR will give you more control over your images and allow you to use techniques that would not be available through a simpler camera. Here are our top five tips to help you achieve some great weather shots:
1. Choose your subject
This might be a great cloud formation, an approaching weather front, or a stunning sunrise. Or it might be a landscape or cityscape which shows the impact of a particular type of weather. In some cases you may be able to pre-plan your shot and choose a particular day or time to capture your subject; often you might simply be in the right place at the right time. Some preparation will is always helpful. Check sunset and sunrise times and where East and West are. Also, have a look at a map to find features that might add interest to your shot.
2. Try and seek out something different or distinctive
Remember a great photograph is all about light and how you capture it in conjunction with the type of weather you are showing. A well-known landscape covered in snow will probably have been photographed many times, so try and find somewhere less obvious.
3. Provide scale
Try to include a natural feature or a person or building to give the viewer an indication of scale. You can use these to emphasise the weather phenomena.
4. Don’t put yourself at risk
Dramatic weather can make for a great photograph. But if you are outside in poor weather, particularly in remote areas, take care so you do not put yourself at risk. Dramatic weather, such as lightning, can be dangerous, with wind and rain and snow also creating hazardous and unpredictable conditions. Don’t forget that your camera equipment will also need protection, especially from water and sea spray!
5. Have your equipment ready
Although your smartphone may be sufficient for your needs, if you are using a DSLR you may need more specialist equipment or accessories. A tripod is always worth carrying, especially when light levels are low. You may choose to use a slow shutter speed to emphasise movement or to create a particular effect. Particular photographic techniques may call for a neutral density (ND) filter so you can use slower speeds or a wider aperture; a polarising filter can remove reflections or deepen colours such a blue sky; a graduated filter may help balance light levels or darken the upper part of your image. Take them with you and take time to experiment.
Finally, once you get home, you can crop and process your images, which can often be useful to emphasise your subject.
Once you have captured your weather images go to www.weather-photo.org, register and upload them. You can also view some of our favourite entries so far on the Royal Meteorological Society Instagram account. For the Weather Photographer of the Year competition, the entry conditions require you keep post-processing to a minimum. And remember if you take some better images you can always replace your earlier uploads right up to the closing date. Good luck!